Even after a lot of studies and research, the leading cause of cancer is still unknown, but there are undoubtedly several factors contributing. From food to genetics, here are the 13 main risk factors that could increase your chances of getting cancer.
Smoking is responsible for almost one-third of all cancer-related deaths, and not just for lung cancer. The carcinogenic products contained in cigarette smoke increase the risk of several diseases: throat, bladder, liver, etc. Smoking causes a lot of deaths from lung cancer cases. It affects the lungs, kidneys, pancreas, cervix, stomach cancer, blood, and spinal cord, and 40% the best solution is to stop smoking to avoid all diseases.
Unhealthy diets are responsible for about 30% of cancers in the West, and 20% in developing countries, according to the World Health Organization. Too many calories, red meats, and cold cuts, fat, salt and sugar, and insufficiently fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain cereals, all these food can increase the risk of getting cancer.
3. Overweight and obesity
These physical conditions increase the risk of many diseases. Too many carbs can have adverse effects on your body. More active people are at less risk for certain types of cancer. Running for an hour a day throughout the week reduces the risk of cancer, yoga, exercise, and running, all of which also reduce obesity, which is the main factor that leads to various diseases.
The digestion of ethanol creates metabolites that alter the genes of the cells (mutagens). Scientists have identified that excessive alcohol consumption is associated with three times higher risk of dementia in general and a two-times higher risk of developing cancer.
Chemicals that contaminate air, water, and soil can increase the risk of getting cancer at an early age. Cardiovascular diseases, respiratory problems, and tumors are the result of the presence of toxic chemicals in the environment. There are minerals found in building materials and manufactured housing that may cause a variety of medical problems. Some studies have also shown that people who sniff to gasoline in large quantities are more likely to develop cancer.
6. Exposure to radioactive substances.
The exploitation of nuclear energy involves risks for the population. The Chernobyl nuclear accident, for example, has resulted in many cancer deaths.
7. Direct sun exposure
People who work under the burning sun can are the most vulnerable to skin cancer if the skin is not protected. So, make sure you always put your sunscreen and re-apply it every 2 hours.
Genetics has a significant role in the development of cancer, such as breast cancer. You should keep in mind the family history of cancer so that you can be careful about the causes and risks. Genetic syndromes transmitted to the family from generation to generation can increase the risk of cancer. It is also responsible for 5% of colon cancer cases. One of these syndromes is called adenocarcinoma, which is rare and causes thousands of complications on the intestinal walls.
The development of cancer can take several decades. It is why most people have disease above the age of 50. When the doctors discover the tumor, it is likely to be between 100 million and 1 billion cancer cells that have Untevolved. The first tumor may have started five years ago, and probably more. Young people can also develop cancer, but their chances are meager in these cases.
10. Growth hormone disorders
Growth hormone disorders are an imbalance in the growth hormone produced by the pituitary gland. This imbalance may be due to a defect in the work of the kidney, which adversely affects the function of body organs properly, and thus increases the risk of various diseases, including cancer.
11. Long exposure to estrogen
The occurrence of the menstrual cycle at an early age or entering the menopause stage at a later generation would expose women to the hormone estrogen for periods longer than usual, and therefore, getting either one of the two: breast cancer or ovarian cancer.
12. Changes in the balance of body hormones
The ovaries produce the main female hormones known as estrogen and progesterone. The estrogen content without high progesterone increases the risk of cancer.
Taking drugs, drinking artificial drinks, the nature of meals, and food containing preservatives, and avoiding eating vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins, all have a significant relationship to increased risk of cancer.